Intellectual Edge Consultancy

Intellectual Edge

IEC / Publishing Ethics

Publishing Ethics

Publishing Ethics & Malpractice Statement Summary

Intellectual Edge Consultancy (IEC)  follows the guidelines of publishing ethics. We value the importance of academic rigour and peer-review process in ensuring the development of a coherent and respected knowledge. These evaluations ensure the quality of work and referred to by the institutions and interested public. This community of academic publishing mainly involves the author(s), the journal editor, the peer reviewers, and the publishers.

Our editors have a duty to fair play, ensuring confidentiality, disclosing conflicts of interest where applicable and cooperation in investigations when needed regarding publication decisions in line with the editorial preferences and goals of the journals.

Reviewers are expected to contribute to editors’ decisions by promptly and objectively reviewing and commenting on the papers they are assigned to review while also maintaining confidentiality and disclosing conflicts of interest where applicable and known.

This Publishing Ethics Policy applies to all our books and the following Journals:

  1. HIV Nursing
  2. Remittances Review
  3. Central Asia & the Caucasus
  4. Review of International Geographical Education Online

The peer review practice at Oxbridge Publishing House

Authors are required to abide to reporting standards, maintain originality of submitted papers, avoid plagiarism as well as avoiding multiple submissions and concurrent publications. They are required to acknowledge resources and authorship of papers submitted. They are required to disclose any conflict of interest. Authors are required to disclose any fundamental errors in published works so these can be publicised and rectified if possible. The Publisher is committed to ensure objectivity in academic review and publication process. Hence the Publisher avoids advertising, reprint or other commercial interest has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

Publishing Ethics Full Statement

Intellectual Edge Consultancy books and journals only consider publication if the following conditions are complied with:

  • The research has been conducted with academic standards of rigour and integrity.
  • The article/chapter/book/case study is original and/or justified to be republished, for instance, on grounds of reaching audiences in new disciplines/languages etc.
  • The work has not been submitted elsewhere and is not under consideration with any other publication except conference papers and theses/dissertations.
  • The work does not include libellous, defamatory or unlawful statements.
  • Permission has been cleared for any third-party material included.
  • Proof of consent has been obtained for any named individuals or organisations.
  • Authorship has been agreed prior to submission and no one has been ‘gifted’ authorship or denied credit as an author (ghost authorship).

In the event of non-compliance with any of these conditions, we may remove or retract the work in line with the COPE guidelines.


We follow the COPE authorship guidelines regarding any disputes over authorship. These issues may include:

  • Ghost authorship – exclusion of a contributor from the list of authors.
  • Gift/guest authorship – Inclusion of someone who hasn’t contributed to the work, or who has chosen not to be associated with the research.
  • Disputes over the order of the authors and the level of contribution made by each author.

To be considered an author, someone need to have:

  • Made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the obtaining/gathering, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
  • Contributed to drafting of the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;
  • Given consent of the version to be published;
  • Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

Obtaining a grant to complete the work does not constitute authorship. These people can be included in the acknowledgements.

If and when needed, any authors listed should be able to identify each co-author’s contribution and have full confidence in the integrity of their work.

Regarding authorship disputes, our aim is to try to reach reach an agreement between the parties.  If the authorship disputes can’t be resolved in such fashion, we may refer it to the authors’ institutions.


We discourage our authors to use excessive self-citations of their own previously published works. All citations in the work must be relevant, add value to the article, and should not be included just to increase the citation score of the author(s).

We disprove citation pushing. Including superfluous or irrelevant references to boost another author or authors citation record is unethical and where identified may result in removal of such work from our databases and banning of involved authors in accordance with the guidelines set out by the Committee on Publication Ethics.

We encourage our authors to cite the relevant scholarship published previously to strongly establish their arguments. Sometimes, peer-reviewers may also refer authors to work the reviewer believes can further develop and improve ideas in papers under review. This should not be conveyed in a coercive way and cannot be a condition of acceptance or without academic justification.

We value both author freedom and editorial independence. If you believe that you are pressured to include a particular reference in your work, please contact us on